Report on the world social situation 2013

Inequality Matters

image of Report on the world social situation 2013
The 2013 report examines key drivers of inequality that have emerged in the recent past and the impact of rising inequality. It examines trends in social, economic and spatial inequalities and assesses why inequality matters in order to propose policy solutions to this persistent problem, paying particular attention to the potential role of empowerment and participation. The report highlights inequalities within and across countries and shows the cumulative, mutually-reinforcing effects these inequalities have on the systematic lack of participation and disadvantage of some social groups and on the intergenerational transmission of poverty. It discusses the role of economic and political institutions in promoting participation and empowerment.



What can be done to tackle inequalities?

The analysis in the previous four chapters shows that there has been an upsurge in economic inequality in many countries, both developed and developing, in the past thirty years. In the majority of countries, the distribution of assets, incomes and wages has become increasingly unequal. However, in the past decade, several countries have bucked the trend of rising inequality, suggesting that domestic social and economic policies can play a crucial role in determining inequality trends. These policies can serve as positive examples of not just what can work, but of what has worked already.


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