Social Panorama of Latin America 1994

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 1994

This third edition of the Social Panorama of Latin America is an expression of the ECLAC secretariat's continuing effort to incorporate the social dimension into the Commission's annual appraisals of regional development. The analysis presented in this edition emphasizes core issues concerning children and the family, as a result of the secretariat's joint activities with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), in order to provide up-to-date information on opportunities for access to well-being from childhood onwards.



Composition of and sectoral trends in social expenditure

Health was the sector least affected by fiscal adjustment: in 12 of the 23 episodes in which real total social expenditure declined, there was an increase in real expenditure in the health sector, an example of countercyclical behaviour. In four cases real expenditure in the health sector declined, but at a rate below the total. In those cases in which total social expenditure increased, spending on the health sector increased at a faster rate in half of the cases and at a slower rate in 4 cases.


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