Social Panorama of Latin America 1995

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The year's edition discusses the impact of recent economic trends on poverty, employment and income distribution; presents quantitative evidence on the high returns brought by investment in more and better education, not only for children, but their households. It also examines women's important contribution to the family income as a result of their growing participation in economic activities and discusses the emergence of new social policy proposals, analyzing the main reforms being implemented in the health, education and social security sectors.



Political and economic context of the social agenda

The negative effects of the crisis that hit Mexico and the armed conflict between Ecuador and Peru had a marked impact on the political and economic aspects of the 1995 social agenda. In addition, the economic integration agreements among countries of the region assumed increasing importance, as did their prospective social effects. Discussion also continued on the role of the market, the gradual opening-up of the economies, and the globalization of communications, which are new topics that underline the need to reorganize the State and to re define its functions.


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