Social Panorama of Latin America 1995

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The year's edition discusses the impact of recent economic trends on poverty, employment and income distribution; presents quantitative evidence on the high returns brought by investment in more and better education, not only for children, but their households. It also examines women's important contribution to the family income as a result of their growing participation in economic activities and discusses the emergence of new social policy proposals, analyzing the main reforms being implemented in the health, education and social security sectors.



Income distribution

The economies of most Latin American countries during the 1990s have been characterized by an unequal distribution of the costs of adjustment and by a notable rigidity of income distribution during expansionary phases. If the distributive inequity of current development models continues, any progress towards social stability which may result from economic growth will depend chiefly on the reduction of poverty and indigence, and it is uncertain how far lower-middle-income groups will go in pressing their income demands.


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