Social Panorama of Latin America 1995

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The year's edition discusses the impact of recent economic trends on poverty, employment and income distribution; presents quantitative evidence on the high returns brought by investment in more and better education, not only for children, but their households. It also examines women's important contribution to the family income as a result of their growing participation in economic activities and discusses the emergence of new social policy proposals, analyzing the main reforms being implemented in the health, education and social security sectors.



Unemployment trends

The current rate of economic growth is generating fewer jobs than are needed to absorb the growing labour force in a productive way. This situation was initially interpreted as a specific consequence of the early stages of the reform process, but it now appears to have become permanent, even in cases where the process is at an advanced stage and growth rates are high. At the same time, disparities remain, or are increasing, with regard to the number and type of jobs being created and their distribution among households at various income levels.


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