Social Panorama of Latin America 1996

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In addition to dealing with core issues such as children and the family, this publication shows trends in the early 1990s in important facets of social development such as poverty, income distribution, employment, social expenditure, education and pay levels. The analysis is complemented by numerous statistical tables.



Changes in the first half of the 1990s

High levels of inequality and rigidity in income distribution in the region have persisted in the 1990s even in countries that have recorded very high growth rates. This situation is a reflection of the ability of the richest 10% of households to hold onto or increase their share of total income and the tendency for the share of the poorest 40% of households to remain at the same levels or even suffer a decline. An assessment of the changes in distribution observed between the middle of the 1980s and 1990s reveals an increase in the inequality of income distribution in most countries.


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