Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

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What are the objective reasons why so many Latin Americans do not feel safe and see themselves as being defenceless? Does the Occupational stratification engendered by current patterns of development promote social mobility and the growth of the middle class? In an effort to answer these questions, this publication examines the deterioration of conditions in the labour market. It also looks at the available means of accessing social services, with emphasis on the types of public policies needed to tackle the problems of social vulnerability and poverty. It presents analysis of occupational stratification, indicates what percentages of the labour force fall into high-, middle- and low-income groups and explores how these phenomena are related to educational and household income levels. It also discusses how the level and coverage of pension systems affect income distribution in Latin America.



Ageing of the latin american population

The countries of Latin America are experiencing a process of ageing in the population that is closely linked to their current stage of overall demographic transition. Several, having achieved a more advanced stage in the transition, now find that over 10% of their total population is at least 60 years old; these are the first to begin grappling with the social and economic challenges this process entails, one of which is the growing role of women in society, owing to their longer life expectancy. In coming decades, these challenges will be felt ever more urgently by countries that today are in full demographic transition —the most heavily populated ones of the region— where poverty levels continue to be high.


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