Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

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What are the objective reasons why so many Latin Americans do not feel safe and see themselves as being defenceless? Does the Occupational stratification engendered by current patterns of development promote social mobility and the growth of the middle class? In an effort to answer these questions, this publication examines the deterioration of conditions in the labour market. It also looks at the available means of accessing social services, with emphasis on the types of public policies needed to tackle the problems of social vulnerability and poverty. It presents analysis of occupational stratification, indicates what percentages of the labour force fall into high-, middle- and low-income groups and explores how these phenomena are related to educational and household income levels. It also discusses how the level and coverage of pension systems affect income distribution in Latin America.



Diagnosis of the drug problem in latin america

Latin America accounts for the entire world production of coca leaf, cocaine paste and cocaine hydrochloride, with which it supplies the world market. The agents involved in the illicit drug economy are so resourceful that they are able to change or move production zones and trafficking routes as market opportunities and control measures require. Marihuana production, for both domestic consumption and export, is also found in different countries and areas of the region, and poppy–growing and opium and heroine production, basically for export but also to supply growing domestic markets, are on the increase. As regards trafficking, the Caribbean area is still the most heavily used route for supplying drugs to the United States, but the Pacific route, via Central America, has increased its share. River transport through Brazil from the coca– and cocaine–producing countries has recently become significant.


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