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Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

What are the objective reasons why so many Latin Americans do not feel safe and see themselves as being defenceless? Does the Occupational stratification engendered by current patterns of development promote social mobility and the growth of the middle class? In an effort to answer these questions, this publication examines the deterioration of conditions in the labour market. It also looks at the available means of accessing social services, with emphasis on the types of public policies needed to tackle the problems of social vulnerability and poverty. It presents analysis of occupational stratification, indicates what percentages of the labour force fall into high-, middle- and low-income groups and explores how these phenomena are related to educational and household income levels. It also discusses how the level and coverage of pension systems affect income distribution in Latin America.

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The international social agenda

The Latin American and Caribbean Symposium on Older Persons was held in 1999 as a regional activity in preparation for the International Year of Older Persons. In the year 2000 so far, two regional meetings have been held to carry out a mid–decade appraisal of the situation with regard to social development (Second Regional Conference in Follow–up to the World Summit for Social Development) and women (eighth session of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean). At the twenty–eighth session of ECLAC, held in Mexico City, a report on the work carried out to date was reviewed, and the new ECLAC programme of work was adopted.

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