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Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

What are the objective reasons why so many Latin Americans do not feel safe and see themselves as being defenceless? Does the Occupational stratification engendered by current patterns of development promote social mobility and the growth of the middle class? In an effort to answer these questions, this publication examines the deterioration of conditions in the labour market. It also looks at the available means of accessing social services, with emphasis on the types of public policies needed to tackle the problems of social vulnerability and poverty. It presents analysis of occupational stratification, indicates what percentages of the labour force fall into high-, middle- and low-income groups and explores how these phenomena are related to educational and household income levels. It also discusses how the level and coverage of pension systems affect income distribution in Latin America.

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The ageing of the population and its impact on family structure

One of every four households in Latin America has at least one older adult among its members. Over two thirds of older adults live in multigenerational homes as a result of economic dependency affecting the lives of both older and younger members of society. In countries where per capita income tends to be higher and the demographic transition is more advanced, a much larger proportion of older adults continues to live independently.

English

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