Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

What are the objective reasons why so many Latin Americans do not feel safe and see themselves as being defenceless? Does the Occupational stratification engendered by current patterns of development promote social mobility and the growth of the middle class? In an effort to answer these questions, this publication examines the deterioration of conditions in the labour market. It also looks at the available means of accessing social services, with emphasis on the types of public policies needed to tackle the problems of social vulnerability and poverty. It presents analysis of occupational stratification, indicates what percentages of the labour force fall into high-, middle- and low-income groups and explores how these phenomena are related to educational and household income levels. It also discusses how the level and coverage of pension systems affect income distribution in Latin America.



Some differences in national stratification structures

As was to be expected, the higher average occupational incomes attained in certain countries have created significant differences between their national stratification structures and the structure obtaining across the region as a whole. In the countries where incomes are higher, a larger proportion of the workforce is employed in non–manual, salaried and non–agricultural occupations. Nonetheless, a more detailed analysis of occupational stratification in the country in which these changes are most evident shows that the increase in non–manual occupations has led to a considerable diversification of such occupations and to growing disparities in the earnings they bring, thus contributing to the maintenance of a polarized occupational stratification


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error