Social Panorama of Latin America 1999-2000

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What are the objective reasons why so many Latin Americans do not feel safe and see themselves as being defenceless? Does the Occupational stratification engendered by current patterns of development promote social mobility and the growth of the middle class? In an effort to answer these questions, this publication examines the deterioration of conditions in the labour market. It also looks at the available means of accessing social services, with emphasis on the types of public policies needed to tackle the problems of social vulnerability and poverty. It presents analysis of occupational stratification, indicates what percentages of the labour force fall into high-, middle- and low-income groups and explores how these phenomena are related to educational and household income levels. It also discusses how the level and coverage of pension systems affect income distribution in Latin America.



Magnitude of and trends in childhood poverty: The regional panorama

The decline in poverty in several Latin American countries during the first eight years of the 1990s was not sufficient to curb the growing number of poor children and adolescents in the region. Of a total of 204 million poor people in 1997, 110 million were under 20 years old. Of these, 37 million belonged to the most vulnerable group, that of children under six. Based on the figures showing the outcome of the 1998-1999 crisis, which exacerbated poverty in some countries and slowed the positive trend in others, it is estimated that in 2000, no fewer than 117 million out of a total of 224 million poor people in Latin America are under 20 years old. As the twenty–first century begins, over half the children and adolescents in Latin America are poor, and over half the total number of poor people in the region are children and adolescents.


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