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Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

The social situation in Latin America in the late 1990s was influenced by the slowdown and greater volatility of economic growth. Despite the economic recovery seen in 2000, the effects of the contraction were felt in many countries of the region. This publication devotes special attention to poverty trends and rates in the late 1990s, inequality in income distribution, the employment and unemployment situation, the countries' progress in raising social expenditure and the distributive effects of such increases. In it's final chapter, this publication reviews the Governments' agenda in relation to family issues. The analyses of each of the topics covered in the five chapters that make up the Social Panorama combine an examination of the latest trends in the main social indicators with an assessment of the trends seen throughout the 1990s.

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Impact of the crisis and trends in social expenditure during periods of strong or weak economic growth

In those years of the past decade in which economic growth was strong, most of the Latin American countries managed to increase social expenditure, both as a share of the public budget and as a percentage of GDP. Likewise, thanks to the measures taken by a number of countries to protect it, social expenditure did not decline as a result of the economic slowdown and reduced flexibility of the public budget of the last few years.

English

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