Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

The social situation in Latin America in the late 1990s was influenced by the slowdown and greater volatility of economic growth. Despite the economic recovery seen in 2000, the effects of the contraction were felt in many countries of the region. This publication devotes special attention to poverty trends and rates in the late 1990s, inequality in income distribution, the employment and unemployment situation, the countries' progress in raising social expenditure and the distributive effects of such increases. In it's final chapter, this publication reviews the Governments' agenda in relation to family issues. The analyses of each of the topics covered in the five chapters that make up the Social Panorama combine an examination of the latest trends in the main social indicators with an assessment of the trends seen throughout the 1990s.



The profile of poor households

Most of the poor in Latin America reside in housing where they do not have access to drinking water and, to a somewhat lesser extent, in dwellings where there are more than three persons to a room. These households also exhibit high demographic dependency rates and low employment densities. In addition, the heads of household generally have completed fewer than three years of schooling and are unemployed in some instances. The children and young people belonging to poor households often have deficient educational environments, begin working at an early age and, in many cases, neither study nor work.


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