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Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

The social situation in Latin America in the late 1990s was influenced by the slowdown and greater volatility of economic growth. Despite the economic recovery seen in 2000, the effects of the contraction were felt in many countries of the region. This publication devotes special attention to poverty trends and rates in the late 1990s, inequality in income distribution, the employment and unemployment situation, the countries' progress in raising social expenditure and the distributive effects of such increases. In it's final chapter, this publication reviews the Governments' agenda in relation to family issues. The analyses of each of the topics covered in the five chapters that make up the Social Panorama combine an examination of the latest trends in the main social indicators with an assessment of the trends seen throughout the 1990s.

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Unemployment in latin america during the 1990s: Scale, trends and patterns

The growth of open unemployment in Latin America during the 1990s is one of the most disturbing results of the current performance of the labour market, given its serious effect on the situation with regard to poverty and inequality in income distribution. The ever–increasing dissociation between economic growth and unemployment levels in the countries suggests that unemployment is caused not only by circumstantial factors but also by structural factors linked to the rapid adoption of new technologies. The adverse effect of unemployment on well–being has been aggravated owing to the growth of the population strata affected, the increased duration of episodes of unemployment —with the resulting decrease in household assets— and the loss of wages suffered by workers who find jobs after a period of unemployment.

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