Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2000–2001

The social situation in Latin America in the late 1990s was influenced by the slowdown and greater volatility of economic growth. Despite the economic recovery seen in 2000, the effects of the contraction were felt in many countries of the region. This publication devotes special attention to poverty trends and rates in the late 1990s, inequality in income distribution, the employment and unemployment situation, the countries' progress in raising social expenditure and the distributive effects of such increases. In it's final chapter, this publication reviews the Governments' agenda in relation to family issues. The analyses of each of the topics covered in the five chapters that make up the Social Panorama combine an examination of the latest trends in the main social indicators with an assessment of the trends seen throughout the 1990s.



Future scenarios in the fight against poverty

Halving the current rates of extreme poverty by 2015 —one of the prime objectives of the Millennium Declaration– will call for a significant, yet feasible, effort on the part of many Latin American countries. Given existing development patterns, economic growth will necessarily play a key role in the fulfilment of this goal, since mean per capita GDP growth of no less than 2.3% per year will be required in order to do so. For the region as a whole, during the 1990s each percentage point of growth lowered the rate of extreme poverty by 1.21%. There was a wide dispersion around this mean value, however since this poverty–reduction effect was much stronger in urban areas than in rural ones and in countries with extreme poverty levels below the regional average than in the least developed nations.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error