Social Panorama of Latin America 2002-2003

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The 2002-2003 edition of the Social panorama of Latin America explores issues related to many of the Millennium Development Goals. Three of the five chapters (on poverty, hunger and gender inequality) assess how likely it is that the countries of the region will succeed in meeting the targets in these areas agreed upon by the States Members of the United Nations for 2015.A chapter on social expenditure furnishes information on 18 Latin American countries and analyses trends in social spending over the last decade. The final chapter examines labour policy and singles out some interesting initiatives aimed at combating unemployment, poor job quality and underemployment.



Unequal income distribution at the dawn of the new millennium

Between 2000 and 2002, trends in distributive inequality varied from one country to another in Latin America. Some experienced only slight variations in inequality with respect to 1999, while others saw pronounced changes in terms of either progress or setbacks. In most of the region, however, income distribution has worsened since 1997. From a more long–term perspective, income concentration has been rigid downward since the 1990s, and the failure to conclusively reverse this trend is an obstacle to the timely achievement of the poverty reduction target.


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