Social Panorama of Latin America 2002-2003

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The 2002-2003 edition of the Social panorama of Latin America explores issues related to many of the Millennium Development Goals. Three of the five chapters (on poverty, hunger and gender inequality) assess how likely it is that the countries of the region will succeed in meeting the targets in these areas agreed upon by the States Members of the United Nations for 2015.A chapter on social expenditure furnishes information on 18 Latin American countries and analyses trends in social spending over the last decade. The final chapter examines labour policy and singles out some interesting initiatives aimed at combating unemployment, poor job quality and underemployment.



Labour market policies

Several countries in the region have implemented labour policies designed to address the extreme poverty and unemployment affecting some sectors of the population (passive policies). At the same time, they have adopted other policies geared towards creating productive jobs (active policies). The latter contain innovative elements both in their design and in the mechanisms established for their application. Most of the programmes examined here are currently in the process of being implemented, and it would therefore be difficult to assess their impact at this stage.


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