Social Panorama of Latin America 2004

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2004

The 2004 edition of the Social Panorama of Latin America analyses the major demographic changes that have occurred in the region over the past few decades, examines the socioeconomic status of Latin American youth, looks at institutional and programmatic guidelines for youth policies and describes how household structures and family roles have changed. As in past years, recent trends in poverty and income distribution in the Latin American countries are also reviewed.



Young people have more education but fewer employment opportunities

One source of tension is the fact that young people have more education but fewer employment opportunities. The youth of today have more years of formal schooling than previous generations, but they also have unemployment rates that are two or three times higher and earn less income even when they have the same or higher educational qualifications and perform the same jobs. In other words, compared to their predecessors, they are more integrated into the processes of knowledge acquisition and human capital formation, yet more excluded from the areas where human capital is used: the labour market as a source of income.


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