Social Panorama of Latin America 2004

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The 2004 edition of the Social Panorama of Latin America analyses the major demographic changes that have occurred in the region over the past few decades, examines the socioeconomic status of Latin American youth, looks at institutional and programmatic guidelines for youth policies and describes how household structures and family roles have changed. As in past years, recent trends in poverty and income distribution in the Latin American countries are also reviewed.



Young women are more educated than young men, but have less access to employment and inferior employment conditions

A second paradox is that, although young women have superior educational achievements in almost all levels (primary, secondary, higher) and have increased their participation in the labour market, they nonetheless find it more difficult to find employment. Furthermore, their wages are lower than those of young men, especially in the light of professional experience. Together with women's continued responsibility for female family roles and domestic reproduction activities, this is out of step with their current productive capacities, hampers the use of those capacities and pushes them into more precarious employment.


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