Social Panorama of Latin America 2005

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The 2005 edition of the Social Panorama of Latin America analyses recent poverty trends and the increase in migrant remittances, together with their impact on the well-being of the region's population. The analysis seeks to explore the question as to whether the demographic transition taking place in the Latin American countries over the past 15 years has helped to narrow the long-standing gaps between different socio-economic groups' and areas' mortality and birth rates. Attention is also drawn to the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Caribbean countries and to the reversal of its skewed gender distribution, which has had a devastating impact on households and the community at large. Finally, this edition looks at major changes in the health sector.



Demographic convergence in latin america today: Considerations and conclusions for policy design

Economic and social development still marks out major differences in behaviour as regards early death and reproduction. In the past decade, although the region as a whole registered a decrease in the probability of death early in life and in the average number of children per woman, sharp disparities remain among the countries. The deepest inequalities are found within countries, however. The groups who are most disadvantaged in terms of living standards, geographical location or ethnic status still exhibit a clear transitional lag.


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