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Social Panorama of Latin America 2005

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2005

The 2005 edition of the Social Panorama of Latin America analyses recent poverty trends and the increase in migrant remittances, together with their impact on the well-being of the region's population. The analysis seeks to explore the question as to whether the demographic transition taking place in the Latin American countries over the past 15 years has helped to narrow the long-standing gaps between different socio-economic groups' and areas' mortality and birth rates. Attention is also drawn to the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Caribbean countries and to the reversal of its skewed gender distribution, which has had a devastating impact on households and the community at large. Finally, this edition looks at major changes in the health sector.

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Health system reforms in latin america

In the past five years most of the countries have begun or are continuing with processes of health sector reform which are intended to modify the management and financing of health services provision. Most of the legislative changes relating to health have altered the balance between private and public health services. There has also been some degree of re–establishing the role of the state as provider and regulator, with decentralizing of services management, promotion of the private sector and the control of escalating costs.

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