Social Panorama of Latin America 2007

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Latin America has extremely high levels of social and economic inequality as well as insufficient social expenditure despite registering the highest growth in per capita GDP since the 70’s. This work provides the latest estimates for the countries of Latin America regarding poverty, residential segregation, impact of social expenditure on people’s well-being and psycho-social divides. It also analyses internal migrations as well as health programmes for indigenous people and women.



The quality of education: Inequalities that go beyond access and educational progression

The considerable expansion of education coverage, which in some countries applies to the entire school-age population, is one of the sector’s most striking advances in recent decades. These advances, which are the result of pro-active social and educational policies, have occurred in periods characterized by relatively sustained (but not very high) economic growth, a gradual modernization of State management and increased institutional development, as well as major sociocultural changes in society and in terms of the relationships between social actors. Such improvements have often involved transformations of management methods in education systems, sustained budgetary increases, diversification of funding systems and participation of economic agents and social stakeholders.


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