Social Panorama of Latin America 2009

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2009

This 17th version of the report - one of ECLAC’s most important flagship publications - provides estimates for 2009 on poverty and indigence in the region and analyses social spending and government social protection policies. The Social Panorama 2009 includes the following, among other issues: An analysis of social protection policies, including conditional transfer programmes and their re-distributive impact; a review of government social agendas before and during the crisis: actions, challenges and options; a diagnosis of who are most vulnerable to poverty in the region and how to protect them and, suggestions for a new social protection system in Latin America.



Impact of population dynamics on the different generations and on care issues in the framework of social protection

The preceding chapter dealt with the issue of the care crisis in Latin America, particularly as it relates to existing tensions between paid and unpaid work, with special emphasis on the distribution of work by gender. The entry of women into the workforce, according to their income levels and fertility, is considered to be of the utmost importance. This chapter complements that analysis in several ways. First, it takes a long-range view of demographic change, by showing how the segment of care-dependent older persons is growing and causing a radical change in the age distribution of those who need care. This ageing trend means that the care burden is shifting progressively from children towards older persons, whose care needs will be even greater because of their age. Second, the care burden is shifting from the generic (unpaid work as a whole) to the specific: the care of those who have or could potentially develop age- or health-related problems.


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