Social Panorama of Latin America 2011

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In 2010 the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) proposed a comprehensive development strategy entitled Time for equality: closing gaps, opening trails. This edition of Social Panorama takes a more in-depth look at the chain that produces and reproduces social gaps; it addresses other spheres as well. It focuses on how structural heterogeneity (productivity gaps in the national economies), labour segmentation and gaps in social protection are linked along the chain. Demographic factors such as fertility differentiated by education and income level are discussed, as are more specific patterns of risk and exclusion like those impacting young people in the Caribbean.



Trends in social spending during the crisis and challenges in financing social security expenditure

After a period of structural adjustment that occurred in virtually all the region’s economies and resulted in sharp public spending cuts —especially in social spending— countries in the region have done much over the past two decades to make more resources available to fund social policy. Nearly all items of social public spending have shown increases not only in relative terms but in absolute terms as well, albeit with some exceptions for certain countries and periods.


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