Social Panorama of Latin America 2011

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In 2010 the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) proposed a comprehensive development strategy entitled Time for equality: closing gaps, opening trails. This edition of Social Panorama takes a more in-depth look at the chain that produces and reproduces social gaps; it addresses other spheres as well. It focuses on how structural heterogeneity (productivity gaps in the national economies), labour segmentation and gaps in social protection are linked along the chain. Demographic factors such as fertility differentiated by education and income level are discussed, as are more specific patterns of risk and exclusion like those impacting young people in the Caribbean.



Social protection and inequality: Cracks, rigidities, open ground and opportunities

Many of the Latin American countries have increased their social spending significantly in the past few years. Yet the region’s structural lag is such that any conclusions about the performance of social protection in breaking the chains of inequality transmission may be drawn only with caution. So it is important to form a picture of the systemic performance of social protection in reducing inequality in Latin America, by looking at the cracks and rigidities in the region’s social protection systems while also identifying the open ground and opportunities for tackling the many faces of inequality.


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