Social Panorama of Latin America 2011

image of Social Panorama of Latin America 2011

In 2010 the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) proposed a comprehensive development strategy entitled Time for equality: closing gaps, opening trails. This edition of Social Panorama takes a more in-depth look at the chain that produces and reproduces social gaps; it addresses other spheres as well. It focuses on how structural heterogeneity (productivity gaps in the national economies), labour segmentation and gaps in social protection are linked along the chain. Demographic factors such as fertility differentiated by education and income level are discussed, as are more specific patterns of risk and exclusion like those impacting young people in the Caribbean.



Current situation and outlook for fertility in Latin America

The decline in fertility in Latin America provides an unprecedented opportunity for economic growth and better household living standards in the region. The positive impact of fertility decline is not limited to reducing household size; more important, it completely transforms the age structure of the population and provides countries, for a considerable period of time, with a large and growing potentially productive population combined with a shrinking economically dependent population.


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