Social Panorama of Latin America 2013

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The 2013 edition of this publication presents official measurements for the analysis of income poverty and seeks fresh approaches to poverty and well-being, placing special emphasis on multidimensional approaches. These approaches are exploratory and therefore not comprehensive. They have nevertheless been tackled in this year’s edition of Social Panorama because one thing is certain: the need is emerging in social policy design, in the evaluation of social development and in new demands of society for a more nuanced analysis of social progress and lags to underpin more integrated public policy design in the region.

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Child poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean

In the 1990s, studies began to reflect concerns about the "infantilization" of poverty in Latin America. The United Nations General Assembly defines children living in poverty as deprived of nutrition, water, access to basic health-care services, shelter, education, participation and protection. Child poverty means that children and adolescents are unable to enjoy their rights, which limits their ability to achieve their goals and play an active role in society. A multidimensional measurement perspective is required to understand the nature of child poverty. In recent years, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) have been using this multidimensional perspective with a focus on rights and multiple deprivations, adapting to the region the methodology used in a global study conducted by UNICEF in 2003 jointly with researchers from the University of Bristol and the London School of Economics.

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