Social Panorama of Latin America 2015

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The 2015 edition of Social Panorama of Latin America analyses poverty trends, as measured by ECLAC. It also examines changes in income distribution and in other aspects of inequality. With a view to contributing to the development of public policies to overcome poverty and socioeconomic inequality, this edition examines the latest trends in social spending and the challenges posed by demographic change, and provides in-depth analysis of persistent gaps in the labour market, of the challenges facing policies and programmes that foster inclusion in the labour market and production, and of social development institutions in Latin America.

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Poverty and inequality in Latin America

This chapter uses information available as of 2014 to set out the current situation of Latin America regarding poverty and income distribution. According to ECLAC estimates, average poverty and indigence rates did not alter significantly in the region as a whole between 2012 and 2014, which raises doubts about the prospects for progress in these areas over the coming years, given the current economic environment. However, examination of the figures for the individual countries shows that a number of these did make progress in reducing poverty and indigence indicators, while others experienced reverses in the same period.

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