Social Panorama of Latin America 2015

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The 2015 edition of Social Panorama of Latin America analyses poverty trends, as measured by ECLAC. It also examines changes in income distribution and in other aspects of inequality. With a view to contributing to the development of public policies to overcome poverty and socioeconomic inequality, this edition examines the latest trends in social spending and the challenges posed by demographic change, and provides in-depth analysis of persistent gaps in the labour market, of the challenges facing policies and programmes that foster inclusion in the labour market and production, and of social development institutions in Latin America.

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Institutional frameworks for social development: Overview and challenges

This chapter looks at the institutional framework of the region’s social policies by examining government agencies such as ministries, secretariats and coordination cabinets, whose fundamental responsibilities are to design and implement anti-poverty and social development strategies in the countries. To that end, analytical dimensions are proposed as a basis for furthering the study of the institutional framework of social policies. The chapter focuses particularly on social protection and describes how this has evolved over the last few decades. It also discusses the institutional challenges involved in: ensuring that universal rights are upheld; addressing the specific problems and needs of various segments of the population; and fulfilling the social development commitments made by the different countries.

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