Social Panorama of Latin America 2015

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The 2015 edition of Social Panorama of Latin America analyses poverty trends, as measured by ECLAC. It also examines changes in income distribution and in other aspects of inequality. With a view to contributing to the development of public policies to overcome poverty and socioeconomic inequality, this edition examines the latest trends in social spending and the challenges posed by demographic change, and provides in-depth analysis of persistent gaps in the labour market, of the challenges facing policies and programmes that foster inclusion in the labour market and production, and of social development institutions in Latin America.

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The impact of demographic trends

Since the late 1960s, most Latin American and Caribbean countries have undergone profound demographic changes, altering the growth, age structure and geographical distribution of the population. Efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, eradicate poverty and reduce inequality will be significantly affected by these changes, which must be factored into development strategies, policies and programmes, in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo, 1994) and the Montevideo Consensus on Population and Development (2013).

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