Social Panorama of Latin America 2018

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The Social Panorama of Latin America 2018 analyzes issues crucial to understanding and action given the structural challenges facing the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean in the current economic and social situation, especially in the context of the transformations underway in labour markets. Throughout the report, which has been published since 1991, strategies and policies are suggested for advancing toward inclusive development in accordance with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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Socioeconomic inequalities in Latin America: recent trends in the distribution of income and wealth

Inequality has been a long-standing structural characteristic of Latin American and Caribbean societies, which has been maintained and reproduced even in periods of economic growth and prosperity. Significant progress has been made in reducing inequality in the past decade, as reported in successive editions of Social Panorama of Latin America; nonetheless high levels of economic and social inequality persist. Latin America and the Caribbean remains the world’s most unequal region, ahead of sub-Saharan Africa, with an average Gini coefficient that is nearly a third higher than in Europe and Central Asia.

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