Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the ESCWA Region 2004-2005

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This annual Survey reviews economic and social trends in the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) region. It evaluates the region’s performance in areas such as economic development, population growth, health conditions, education and gender affairs. This year’s Survey warns that the impact from the current oil-boom on region-wide development remains below potential because of comparatively low levels of economic integration and sub-optimal macroeconomic structures in most UN-ESCWA member countries. The Survey emphasizes that in an area so rich in resources, a change could be readily achieved in a more regionally-integrative and tension-defused environment, with an economic policy centred on regional cooperation, investment facilitation and job creation.

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Sustainable management of natural resources and environment

In 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), integrated environment and development concerns into the concept of sustainable development (SD), which targets the fulfillment of basic needs, improved living standards for all, better protected and managed ecosystems and a safer, more prosperous future. Consequently SD integrates the three development pillars - social, economical and environmental - as interdependent and mutually reinforcing.

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