Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development

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Continuation along current development pathways is not sustainable. Current technologies and production practices and the consumption patterns of modern societies are leading to global warming and ecological destruction. Continuing down this road will put humanity on a collision course with planet Earth. A massive shift towards green technologies and sustainable production practices will be needed in order to secure decent livelihoods for present and future generations of humankind. In Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development, renowned experts provide a variety of insights about feasible pathways for the required technological transformations. They spell out the behavioural and policy changes that would need to accompany the next green technological revolution, as well as the complexities of undoing locked in technologies and infrastructure in energy systems and agricultural value chains. They conclude that it can all be done, but not without much improved national innovation systems and drastic shifts in incentives and regulatory frameworks to induce the necessary shifts in public and private investment patterns. The macroeconomic costs, they contend, are quite affordable for societies worldwide.



Key determinants of technological capabilities for a "green economy" in emerging economies

Building a global green economy will require a technology transition in both developed and developing countries. Technology transfer in developing and the least-developing countries is an important component of the global efforts to move toward the green development path. Among the developing countries, the emerging economies have quickly established significant technological capabilities in fields related to green development. The growth of production capacity and diffusion of green technology in emerging economies have been dramatic. For example, China and India in particular have become global leaders in some of the emergent green technology sectors such as solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, wind turbines, and electric and hybrid electric vehicle sectors.


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