Technology and Innovation Report 2015

Fostering Innovation Policies for Industrial Development

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This report focuses on how innovation policies can expressly promote industrial development, and what lessons can be learnt from existing experiences of countries, both developing and developed. It argues that while technology and innovation are an essential component of how industries use knowledge to apply to learning, their role in fostering economic development can only be harnessed if innovation policies are clearly and coherently linked to overall industrial development goals of countries. Basing its analysis on data as well as experiences of countries, the report argues for closer coordination between innovation policies and industrial goals in order to promote technology and innovation for overall economic development.



Harnessing STI policy for industrial development in the United Republic of Tanzania

The Arusha Declaration of 1967 marks the start of state-led industrialization efforts in the post-independent United Republic of Tanzania, and embodies the national ambition that the government set out with: to reduce the country’s heavy dependence on agriculture and steer it towards becoming an industry-led economy. Since then, the United Republic of Tanzania has enacted a wide range of industrial development strategies and national plans to promote economic development, job growth and poverty alleviation and continues to strive to promote industrialization. Although there has been stable economic growth between 2000 and 2014, the economy continues to rely heavily on agriculture and low value-added manufacturing. Sustaining future GDP growth rates, therefore, remains a challenge (see figure 4.1).


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