CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

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The competitive challenge for Brazilian industry

This article defines the stages of development reached by industries that account for half of Brazil’s total output and identifies the competitive challenges they face, including those associated with the country’s industrial policy. Between 1980 and 1994, Brazilian industry experienced persistent macroeconomic instability as the country’s trade liberalization efforts proceeded. By means of a series of adjustments, however, the sector did manage to adapt to this hostile environment; in fact, it not only survived but actually succeeded in maintaining its ability to help cover the existing deficit, meet domestic demand and aid the country in achieving balanced linkages with the external economy.

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