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Asia-Pacific Development Journal

The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and aims to stimulate policy debate and assist policy formulation. The APDJ provides a scholarly means for bringing together research work by eminent social scientists and development practitioners from the region and beyond for use by a variety of stakeholders. The Journal aims to stimulate policy debate and assist policy formulation in the region.

English

The influence of tax reforms on the prosperity of micro-firms and small businesses in Uzbekistan

The article gives inside into tax system of Uzbekistan, a former Soviet republic. It analyses major tax reforms in the country since the early days of its independence (1991) with special attention given to the simplified method of taxation, used for micro-firms and small businesses (MSEs). The results of 30 in-depths interviews with representatives of MSEs revealed substantial reductions in tax rates (the average tax burden is 14.9 per cent) and overall improvements in the business environment. However, despite the numerous changes in Uzbek taxation, the issues related to tax administration (tax audits, reporting and competence of tax inspectors) make it difficult to operate in Uzbekistan without breaking rules. To be effective and successful, tax reform needs to be accompanied by institutional and structural reform throughout the economy.

English

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