The Least Developed Countries Report 1997

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Intended for a broad readership of governments, policy makers, researchers and all those involved with the least developed countries (LDCs) and development policy, this in-depth Report examines economic developments in the LDCs during 1996 and discusses prospects for 1997. It's coverage also includes an examination of: LDCs' external debt; recent economic reforms and performance; agricultural developments and policy reforms; and economies in regress. A statistical annex of basic data is also included.



Food security and agricultural reform in LDCs

The concept of food security has dramatically changed since its first widespread use at the World Food Conference in 1974. This change reflects growing awareness of the complexity of the issue. The 1974 Conference was concerned with the adequacy of global food supplies, and with the risks to them and to stable food prices posed by the threat of a major harvest failure. A parallel concern was the need to secure adequate food supplies at the national level, which was reflected in the food self-sufficiency strategies pursued by many developing countries (DCs). Since then the focus of concern over food security has shifted away from aggregate food supplies at the global and national levels towards the entitlement (i.e. ability to command access to food) of all individuals or households to food.


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