The Least Developed Countries Report 2014

Growth with Structural Transformation - Post-2015 Development Agenda for LDCs

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As we reach the target date to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the LDC Report analyses the performance of the LDCs in progressing towards these goals and provides a framework for their development policies in the post-2015 period. The Report shows that there is a high degree of differentiation among LDCs’ performance towards the MDGs, but most of these countries will not be able to attain most MDGs. This disappointing outcome is surprising given that LDCs have experienced historically high economic growth rates over the last 20 years, and domestic and international policies for LDCs have set MDGs as top priority. In the coming post-2015 period, the LDCs will face the challenge of achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs), for which structural transformation will be a precondition.

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Classifications used in this report

Unless otherwise specified, in this Report the least developed countries (LDCs) are classified according to a combination of geographical and structural criteria. Therefore, the small island LDCs which geographically are in Africa or Asia are grouped together with the Pacific islands, due to their structural similarities. Haiti and Madagascar, which are regarded as large island States, are grouped together with the African LDCs. South Sudan declared its independence on 9 July 2011, and became both an independent state and a Member of the United Nations on 14 July 2011. Therefore, from 2011, data for South Sudan and Sudan (officially the Republic of the Sudan), where available, are shown under the appropriate country name. For periods prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011, data for Sudan (former) include those for South Sudan unless otherwise indicated. The resulting groups are as follows:

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