CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

English Spanish

The production structure and the dynamics of development

The authors criticize the fallacious concept of an antinomy between import substitution policies and policies to promote the export of manufactures. To regard these as mutually exclusive alternatives poses options geared only to part of the problem, and incapable of providing an adequate answer to development needs. Substitution without exports, carried out within the narrow framework of each national market, leads to inefficiency and high costs. The export of manufactures without substitution maintains the current backwardness in the production of capital goods and essential intermediate goods which is a bar to less dependent and more rapid development and helps to account for Latin America’s present unsatisfactory position in the world economy. The authors show that, in developed economies, the larger the market, the farther industrial development can be taken without any loss of efficiency. In the light of this object lesson, they suggest that if import substitution policies and policies for the export of manufactures were combined through co-operation between the countries of the region, Latin America would attain a better position in the international economy and a much higher level of development.

English Spanish

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