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The twin challenges of reducing poverty and creating employment

image of The twin challenges of reducing poverty and creating employment
This publication is based on papers presented at two Expert Group Meetings (jointly organized by DSPD and the ILO) that brought together specialists to undertake a review of progress in eradicating poverty and to analyse policy responses to the global jobs crisis in different countries and regions of the world. It calls for a reorientation of macroeconomic policies from the current heavy emphasis on short-term stability to the promotion of sustained, inclusive and equitable growth. It further stresses the need for the integration of social and economic policies to enable the attainment of people-centred development outcomes.

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The distributional effects of fiscal austerity

Financial crises are typically associated not only with sharp economic downturns but also with a substantial deterioration of fiscal positions (Reinhart and Rogoff, 2009). Declining revenues owing to weaker economic conditions, higher expenditures associated with bailout costs and demand stimuli have historically led to a rapid deterioration of fiscal balances and a significant and long-lasting increase of public debt. In particular, looking at past historical episodes of severe financial crises, Furceri and Zdzienicka (2012) find that the debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio has typically increased by about 35 percentage points compared with pre-crisis trends, with the effect lasting for about 10 years.

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