Transport Trends and Economics 2018–2019

Mobility as a Service

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Mobility as a Service (MaaS) is a new mobility concept gaining pace in many cities around the world. Its value proposition concerns integration of mobility services which is realized by providing trip planning and one-stop fare purchase for the user through a single platform. The MaaS vision is being enabled by advances in intelligent systems, the internet of things, cloud technology and big data management. This MaaS paper introduces and explains the MaaS concept (Chapter 1) and presents the MaaS enablers (Chapter 2 on Digital Enabler, Chapter 3 on Car-sharing and Chapter 4 on Bike-sharing) and MaaS application challenges (Chapter 5 on MaaS cost, risk and revenue challenges and Chapter 6 on MaaS infrastructure challenges). This paper was issued as Transport Trends and Economics 2018-2019 activity of the Economic Commission for Europe Working Party on Transport Trends and Economics.




Bike-sharing systems represent an important option in the repertoire of traveller choice, which have been shaped by the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies with regard to – for instance – urban analytics and digital integration in multimodal transport networks. Alongside that, electrically powered assisted cycles have started to open up a remarkable new vision that re-frames cycling as a realistic opportunity for most people and, in doing so, help transform the vehicle-based priority of our streets: bike-sharing schemes, all over the world, will definitely receive a significant boost from the increasing presence of electrified bicycles.


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