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CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

English Spanish

Urban segregation and school backwardness in Rio de Janeiro

This article analyses a dimension that is almost completely absent from studies on the socio-territorial mechanisms that reproduce inequalities in Brazil: differences in the risk of school backwardness among children and young people between 7 and 17 years of age, based on residential segregation in Rio de Janeiro. Data from the 2000 Population Census were used to construct two sets of multilevel logistic regression models to quantify the risk of school backwardness among primary school students in fourth and eighth grade, according to individual characteristics, family socioeducational conditions and the social setting of their place of residence. Apart from showing that residence in a ghetto (favela) is associated with a higher risk of school backwardness, the results show that the risk of backwardness and school dropout is higher among inhabitants of favelas located in wealthy neighbourhoods. Possible explanatory mechanisms for these findings are reviewed.

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