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CEPAL Review

Cepal Review is the leading journal for the study of economic and social development issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. Edited by the Economic Commission for Latin America, each issue focuses on economic trends, industrialization, income distribution, technological development and monetary systems, as well as the implementation of economic reform and transfer of technology. Written in English and Spanish (Revista de la Cepal), each tri-annual issue offers approximately 12 studies and essays undertaken by authoritative experts or gathered from conference proceedings.

English Spanish

Uruguay 1998-2002: Income distribution during the crisis

Following a period of growth in the 1990s, Uruguay experienced a 17.5% fall in output between 1998 and 2002. This study sets out to analyse the distribution of income in that period of crisis and to ascertain which population groups were worst affected. The results indicate that a tendency towards income concentration which had begun in the mid- 1990s became more pronounced. Furthermore, analysis of different population groups by sociodemographic and socio-economic characteristics reveals two other ongoing phenomena: a widening of the income gap between people from households with different levels of education, and between people from households dependent on pensions and allowances on the one hand, and earnings on the other. This was reflected in the age structure of the population: minors were worse affected than older adults, so that the tendency for children to concentrate in the lower income strata was entrenched.

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