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World Economic and Social Survey 2004

Part I — Trends and Policies in the World Economy, Part II — International Migration

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2004

The 2004 edition of the World Economic and Social Survey is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the state of the world economy in 2004 and the outlook for 2005. It includes a review of developments in international trade and finance and an overview of the situation in the world’s economies as of mid-2004 and their prospects for 2005. Meanwhile, the second part addresses international migration. It examines historical and recent surges in migration, policies towards migration, its economic and social effects, the question of refugees and the state of international cooperation regarding migration.

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International migration trends

The major transatlantic migration flows originating in Europe were first disrupted by the First World War and then dampened by the Great Depression. Although data are sparse, international migration worldwide seems to have reached a low point during the 1930s. International migration increased during the Second World War, as the German Reich mobilized millions of people to serve as slave labour in German factories and millions more were displaced or forcefully relocated in Europe, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and Asia as a result of the War. At the end of the War, there were from 7 million to 8 million foreign civilian workers and prisoners of war working for the Reich (Potts, 1990) and 1.9 million Koreans who had been forced to move to and work in Japan.

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