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World Economic and Social Survey 2004

Part I — Trends and Policies in the World Economy, Part II — International Migration

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2004

The 2004 edition of the World Economic and Social Survey is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the state of the world economy in 2004 and the outlook for 2005. It includes a review of developments in international trade and finance and an overview of the situation in the world’s economies as of mid-2004 and their prospects for 2005. Meanwhile, the second part addresses international migration. It examines historical and recent surges in migration, policies towards migration, its economic and social effects, the question of refugees and the state of international cooperation regarding migration.

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International cooperation for migration management

Efforts to seek viable mechanisms of cooperation for the better management of international migration are not new. The mass population displacements that occurred during and just after the Second World War made the cooperative management of international migration desirable. That belief gave birth to international organizations such as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM).1 Similarly, during the period of rapid growth of worker migration to countries of Europe, the International Labour Organization (ILO) adopted several international conventions and recommendations to set standards for the employment and treatment of migrant workers. In addition, many Governments cooperated in the management of labour migration through bilateral agreements or programmes, mostly regulating the mechanisms for the legal recruitment of migrant workers and their rotation.

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