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World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015

Learning from National Policies Supporting MDG Implementation

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015
The year 2015 was one of global action concerning the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other challenges. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development along with a set of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will apply universally to all countries. As the MDG experience shows, setting ambitious goals is the first step; achieving them requires concrete actions. This publication reviews economic, social and environmental policies implemented at the national level and the institutional aspects that enabled them, bringing about significant progress towards achieving the MDGs. The Survey draws a set of policy lessons that States will find helpful in formulating strategies and policies for implementing the 2030 Agenda.

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Environmental sustainability

In addition to human development aspirations, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) also embraced multidimensional efforts at both the international and national levels that were aimed at protecting the environment. MDG 7 was formulated to ensure environmental sustainability in recognition of a growing concern about current consumption and production patterns leading to an unsustainable use of natural resources. The purpose of this chapter is to review efforts made towards environmental sustainability during the 2000-2015 period, to understand the ways in which these efforts contributed to making progress towards environmental sustainability targets of the MDGs, and draw lessons for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in particular.

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