World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015

Learning from National Policies Supporting MDG Implementation

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015
The year 2015 was one of global action concerning the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other challenges. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development along with a set of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will apply universally to all countries. As the MDG experience shows, setting ambitious goals is the first step; achieving them requires concrete actions. This publication reviews economic, social and environmental policies implemented at the national level and the institutional aspects that enabled them, bringing about significant progress towards achieving the MDGs. The Survey draws a set of policy lessons that States will find helpful in formulating strategies and policies for implementing the 2030 Agenda.



Social protection, education and gender equality

This chapter and chapter IV provide an overview of policies that have contributed to reducing poverty and overcoming the human development challenges encompassed by the MDGs with a focus on social policies. As noted in chapter I, this Survey recognizes that economic and social policies are indivisible aspects of broader development policy. The Survey also recognizes the difficulty in determining exactly whether the MDGs were the main motivators of the policies reviewed. Many of the social policies under review predate the MDGs; therefore, their continued use was actually a confirmation of countries? long-term policy commitments to poverty reduction and human development, which was demonstrated in many developing countries? efforts to scale up social spending.


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