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World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015

Learning from National Policies Supporting MDG Implementation

image of World Economic and Social Survey 2014/2015
The year 2015 was one of global action concerning the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other challenges. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development along with a set of new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will apply universally to all countries. As the MDG experience shows, setting ambitious goals is the first step; achieving them requires concrete actions. This publication reviews economic, social and environmental policies implemented at the national level and the institutional aspects that enabled them, bringing about significant progress towards achieving the MDGs. The Survey draws a set of policy lessons that States will find helpful in formulating strategies and policies for implementing the 2030 Agenda.

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Health policy interventions and systems

The health of people in the world has improved markedly since 2000. The world has seen a reduction in under-five, maternal and malaria-related mortality rates and the number of new HIV/AIDS infections, as well as an increase in the number of lives saved through improvements in testing and treatment of tuberculosis. The progress on the most prominent fronts has led other previously overlooked issues to move to the forefront. For example, the reduction of deaths in children under five years of age but older than a month, has brought to light the issue of neonatal mortality, which was overlooked early in the 2000s. This progress has been reflected in the headway that countries have made towards the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) since 2000.

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