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World Economic Situation and Prospects 2015

image of World Economic Situation and Prospects 2015

This publication is the definitive report of the United Nations on the state of the world economy. It is jointly produced by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the five United Nations Regional Commissions. Global economic growth is forecast to increase marginally over the next two years at 3.1% in 2015 and 3.3% in 2016, compared with an estimated growth of 2.6 per cent for 2014. An expected US interest rate increase, remaining euro area fragility, a further slowdown in developing economies and several geopolitical conflicts pose major concerns for the global economic outlook today.

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Global economic outlook

The global economy continued to expand during 2014 at a moderate and uneven pace, as the prolonged recovery process from the global financial crisis was still saddled with unfinished post-crisis adjustments. Global recovery was also hampered by some new challenges, including a number of unexpected shocks, such as the heightened geopolitical conflicts in various areas of the world. Growth of world gross product (WGP) is estimated to be 2.6 per cent in 2014, marginally better than the growth of 2.5 per cent registered in 2013, but lower than the 2.9 per cent projected in World economic situation and prospects as of mid-2014. In the outlook period, premised on a set of assumptions (box I.1) and subject to a number of uncertainties and downside risks (see the section on uncertainties and risks), the global economy is expected to strengthen in the following two years, with WGP projected to grow by 3.1 and 3.3 per cent in 2015 and 2016, respectively (figure I.1 and table I.1).

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